How Children Learn
An Insight Into Those Creative Minds
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They say ‘Learning is a byproduct of education’. But, is it only education that plays a role in a child’s establishment and well-being? Let us dive in and understand other important aspects that remain with a child throughout his life.
A child develops a habit of learning from day one. In the beginning, he tries to understand the world through his senses. After a few years, he starts to reason and think about what he sees around himself. This art of reasoning is called Perception. This perception can vary depending upon the exposure a child gets in his early days. It is this perception that frames the next 70 odd years of his life.
Kids learn best by asking questions
Children develop different habits at home, in school, on the playground, or in any place they go. They learn what they see. To learn the art of acknowledging good deeds and habits, the child needs to be presented with real-time situations. Kids can learn best by asking questions. Some kids feel too shy and others may not get an environment where they feel comfortable. Most of the time, they are not prepared for the environment. In this day and age, kids and the young generation have so many questions that are just left unanswered and while they grow up, they are only able to deal with the situation they are aware of.
Involvement is Key
Encouraging a child in social participation in a way facilitates learning. Making students work in groups builds team spirit and brings about the courage to speak in a dynamic environment and also teaches the art of cooperation.
Active involvement of a child is the most important key to learning new things in life. If the class is not really engaging, fun, or interactive, the student seems to get bored and distracted. Involving kids in hands-on-activities, like experiments or small projects, brings within them the curiosity to set goals and assume responsibility towards their own learning. Understanding a child’s interests help mentors to assist him/her in the creation of their learning goals.
Why learn the same when we’re all different
Every child is unique, and so is his way of learning. It is very important for a teacher to understand the child’s dominant senses to guide him through. Kids are usually playful and like to engage in games, painting, or dancing. Such playful kids find it really difficult to sit down in one place and learn. But, what do we educators do? Teach every child in the same way. Such playful kids are supposed to be taught in a way that they learn the best and that is by playing games.
To encourage kids who stay quiet, activities like word searches can help. According to a study, quiet kids are very good observers. They need their own space to express their interests and they must be given that space. One cannot teach a playful child and a quiet child the same way. But, do the teachers understand this? There is yet another interesting kind, Ambiverts. These are a mix of both introverts and extroverts and are to be taught differently.
It’s all about Perception
Children love to have a sense of familiarity and confidence. They like playing a particular game or listening to the same story over and over again to gather the belief. With this belief, they develop certain perceptions. But, do they develop a positive perception every time? No
To rectify this negative perception, teachers must create certain scenarios to express alternative explanations and guide them on the right path. This always does not happen in the blink of an eye. Children need time to restructure their thoughts. To better cater to the needs of the students, the prior beliefs should never be ignored as these can lead to misconceptions being formed.
Children tend to memorize whatever is being taught to them and later forget. What good is the knowledge that doesn’t stick? To counter this a teacher may exemplify using flashcards or short videos to illustrate how things work. This aids the child to compare and contrast as they understand and choose a better option for themselves. When a child will understand and not memorize Einstein will be born again.
When learning is applied to real-life situations, they become more meaningful. Every child makes mistakes. It is the teacher who must encourage the child to learn from their mistakes by rewarding and appreciating them for the efforts they made. This not only cheers them up but also invigorates them every time they try something new. When we motivate a child, he puts his words into actions and implements ideas.
Give them those gadgets…but for a limited time
All parents think that they are spoiling their children if they expose them to technology. They are forgetting that technology can either break someone or make someone. Why look at the negative? Expose your children to technology with parental control and let them explore the world. You never know while he’s exploring he may come up with an idea that can save mankind.
Children learn moral values from their families. Reading bedtime stories helps develop early literacy to the child along with morals that he learns. They may develop their language skills, social skills, emotions, and creativity.
When a child explores, experiments and creates a range of materials, he develops skills of problem-solving. There is an explosion of curiosity in every child to try new things even if there is a risk. An infant tries hard to stand on its feet even though he knows that he has fallen several times before. Why does the infant do that? Because he has that indomitable spirit. Every child has that spirit in him, the teacher/parent just needs to motivate that spirit.
To recapitulate, children are an asset, a treasure beyond anything. Childhood is a fun and memorable time in anybody’s life. Learning in any form is never wrong until it imparts good knowledge and a lesson to learn for life. Let the children explore, let them enlighten their ideas, praise them, offer your help, and let them act their age. See their life becoming beautiful.